Volume 27 (2024)
Volume 26 (2023)
Volume 25 (2022)
Volume 24 (2021)
Volume 23 (2020)
Volume 22 (2019)
Volume 21 (2018)
Volume 20 (2017)
Volume 19 (2016)
Volume 18 (2015)
Volume 17 (2014)
Volume 16 (2013)
Volume 15 (2012)
Volume 14 (2011)
Volume 13 (2010)
Volume 12 (2009)
Volume 11 (2008)
Volume 10 (2007)
Volume 9 (2006)
Volume 8 (2005)
Volume 7 (2004)
Volume 6 (2002)
Volume 5 (2002)
Volume 4 (2000)
Volume 3 (1999)
Volume 2 (1998)
Volume 1 (1997)
Evaluation of prostaglandin-E2 and interleukin-17 serum levels in patients with melasma: a case-control study

Sinta Murlistyarini; Sekar Puspita Lilasari; Santosa Basuki

Volume 24, Issue 3 , September 2021, , Pages 204-208


  Background: Melasma is a hypermelanosis disorder of the skin induced by UV radiation, which triggers various inflammatory mediators, including prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and interleukin-17 (IL-17). This study aimed to evaluate the difference in serum PGE2 and IL-17 levels between melasma and non-melasma ...  Read More

Efficacy and safety of Q-switched Nd:YAG laser in the treatment of facial pigmentary lesions: A retrospective observational study

Madhulika A Mhatre; Shashikant Malkud; Venkataram Mysore

Volume 24, Issue 1 , March 2021, , Pages 24-31


  Background: The Q-switched neodymium: yttrium aluminum garnet laser (QS-Nd:YAG) is effective in the treatment of tattoos and different pigmentary conditions; however, little has been published regarding the removal of facial cutaneous pigmented lesions. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness ...  Read More

Efficacy and safety of azelaic acid 20% plus hydroquinone 5% in the management of melasma

Sepideh Tehrani; Setareh Tehrani; Mitra Esmaili-Azad; Mahnaz Vaezi; Nazi Saljoughi

Volume 15, Issue 1 , 2012, , Pages 11-14

  Background: Melasma is a brown or grayish brown symmetrical facial hyperpigmentation.A number of medicamens can be used for the treatment of this condition. For better results in treating melasma, combination therapy is preferred. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical efficacy and adverse ...  Read More

Association of Melasma with Thyroid Autoimmunity: A Case-Control Study

Yazdanfar Ameneh; Hashemi Banafsheh

Volume 13, Issue 2 , 2010, , Pages 51-53

  Introduction: Melasma is a common acquired hypermelanosis seen mainly in women which occurs on the sun-exposed skin of the face. The exact cause of melasma is unknown. The majority of the cases are attributed to pregnancy, combined oral contraceptive pills, genetic factors, sun exposure, use of cosmetic ...  Read More

Association of lentigo, freckle, melanicytic nevus with melasma

Hasan Edalatkhan; Nayereh Amini Sani; Somayeh Zeynizadeh

Volume 10, Issue 1 , 2007, , Pages 54-59

  Background and aim: It seems that melanocytic nevi, freckle and lentigo are more common in women with melasma, and a common genetic background may exist. In this study the prevalence and number of lentigo, freckle and melanocytic nevus were compared in women with and without melasma.Materials and methods: ...  Read More

Association of Melasma with thyroid disorders: A case-control study

A Kiani; M Ahmari; MR Rezvani Far

Volume 9, Issue 2 , 2006, , Pages 154-158

  Background and aim: Melasma is an acquired, symmetric hyperpigmentation, specially in sun-exposed skin. Disorders of thyroid gland result from processes that stimulate the overproduction or underproduction of thyroid hormones. This study was performed to assess the association of melasma with thyroid ...  Read More

Prevalence of Melasma in women in Ardebil city in 2002

H Edalat Khah; F Amani; G Rezaifar

Volume 7, Issue 2 , 2004, , Pages 72-77

  Background: Melasma is a pattern of facial pigmentation that affects upper lip, cheeks, forehead and chin. The disease is seen mainly in 30-55 year old women, and may be regarded as a physiological change in pregnancy. Its etiologic nature is still unknown. Objective: To determine the prevalence of melasma ...  Read More

Actinic Lichen Planus mimicking Melasma: A case report

MR Mortazavi; Z Safaei Naraghi; M Mohammad Zadeh

Volume 7, Issue 1 , 2003, , Pages 38-42

  Actinic lichen planus is a clinical variant of lichen planus, involving mainly sun-exposed areas and manifested as annular lesions with a pigmented center surrounded by a hypopigmented zone. A rare presentation of actinic lichen planus mimics melasma but have distinctive histopathologic picture in favour ...  Read More

Relationship between Melasma, ovarian cysts and androgenic hormones: A case-control study

H Edalat Khah; M Mirza Namadi

Volume 6, Issue 2 , 2003, , Pages 14-19

  Background: Melasma is the acquired, gradual and symmetric hyper pigmentation of the face. Melasma has been related to many factors such as pregnancy, genetic, endocrine and sun exposure but the exact relationship to endocrine factors isn’t still clear. Objectives: To evaluate the relationship ...  Read More