Localized scalp hair loss has different causes which alopecia areata, trichotillomania, tinea capitis and early lupus erythematosus are the most important ones. There are several reports of localized alopecia after tick and flea bites and bee stings, but there is only one report of ant-induced alopecia in the literature. We report herein two cases of alopecia induced by ants of genus Pheidole (Species pallidula).