Document Type : Original Article
1 Department of Dermatology, Afzalipour Hospital, Afzalipour Faculty of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
2 Pathology and Stem Cell Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
3 Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Background: Basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin cancer, constituting nearly 80% of non-melanoma skin cancers. In this study, for the first time in Kerman, the clinicopathological features of basal cell carcinoma in patients referred to Afzalipour Hospital were evaluated.
Methods: This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study on 145 skin biopsy samples with a diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma in Afzalipour Hospital, Kerman. Demographic features of patients and clinical and pathologic types of basal cell carcinoma were recorded. Then, the correlation between clinical or histological types with demographic features was evaluated using the chi-squared test.
Results: Ninety-four (64.8%) of the cases were male, and the mean age of the patients was 68.12 ± 14.54 (min = 15, max = 101) years. The most and the least common sites of involvement were the nose (35.9%) and trunk (0.7%), respectively. The most common clinical (76.5%) and pathological subtypes (71.03%) were nodular. The least common clinical (6.3%) and pathological types (2.1%) were morpheaform. There was no significant correlation between histopathological or clinical types with demographic features including age and sex. Furthermore, there was no significant correlation between sex and the site of the involvement or age of the patients.
Conclusion: In this study, most patients were between 60-79 years of age, and the male-to-female ratio was 1.8 to 1. Nodular and morpheaform types were the most and the least common pathological and clinical types, respectively.