Document Type : Original Article



Background: Worldwide, coronary heart disease is the most important cause of mortality and morbidity. Although numerous studies have documented the relationship between male pattern baldness and cardiovascular disease (CVD), few studies focused on this association in women. This study intended to evaluate the relationship between coronary artery disease and androgenetic alopecia (AGA) in both men and women.
Methods: This case-control study included 200 people, 100 (50 men and 50 women) with coronary heart disease (CHD) and 100 healthy control subjects (50 men and 50 women). Both groups were assessed for grading the severity of their baldness. The collected data were analyzed by the chi-square test.
Results: A total of 74% of participants in this group had hair loss severity of grades IV-VIII, however in the control group, 50% had remarkable hair loss. There was a significant association between coronary artery disease and hair loss grade IV onward in men (P=0.038) but this relationship was not observed in women.
Conclusion: Male patients with AGA are at greater risk for developing CVD.